Recognizing and addressing unconscious bias in the recruitment process


Ahlqvist, V et al (2014) A Gender-Neutral Process? A Qualitative Study of the Evaluation of Research Grant Applications. Stockholm: Swedish Research Council

Brommesson, D., Erlingsson, G.Ó., Ödalen, J. et al. “Teach more, but do not expect any applause”: Are Women Doubly Discriminated Against in Universities’ Recruitment Processes?. J Acad Ethics (2021).

Campbell, L.G., Mehtani, S., Dozier, M.E., & Rinehart, J. (2013). Gender-heterogeneous working groups produce higher quality science. PloS One, 8(10), e79147.

ECU – Equality Challenge Unit. (2014). Unconscious bias in higher education

Erlandsson, A. (2019) “Do Men Favor Men in Recruitment? A Field Experiment in the Swedish Labor Market”, Work and Occupations

Ernst, E. et al. (1992) Reviewer Bias. Ann Intern Med, 116.

Exley C.L. & Kessler J.B (2019) The Gender Gap in Self-Promotion, National Bureau of Economic Research, Working Paper 26345,, DOI: 10.3386/w26345

Gibney, E. (2016) Women under-represented in world’s science academies. Nature News [Online]

Gloor, J.L. et al. (2016) Fix the Game – Not the Dame: A Team Intervention for Gender Equality in Leadership [Online].

Gloor, Jamie; Okimoto, Tyler G. & King, Eden B. (2021) “Maybe Baby?” – The Employment Risk of Potential Parenthood. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, Early View online ISSN 0021-9029

Kaatz, A., Guerrez, B. & Carnes, M. (2014). Threats to objectivity in peer review: the case of gender. Trends in Pharmacological Sciences, 35 (8), 371-373.

LERU – League of European Research Universities (2018) Implicit bias in academia: A challenge to the meritocratic principle and to women’s careers – And what to do about it,

LERU – League of European Research Universities (2022) A Pathway towards Multidimensional Academic Careers: A LERU Framework for the Assessment of Researchers,

MacNell, L., Driscoll A. & Hunt A.N. (2015) What’s in a Name: Exposing gender bias in student ratings of teaching. Innov High Educ, 40.

Milkman, K.L. et al. (2014) What Happens Before? A Field Experiment Exploring How Pay and Representation Differentially Shape Bias on the Pathway into Organizations. J Appl Psychol, 100.

Nittrouer C.L. et al. (2017) Gender disparities in colloquium speakers at top universities. PNAS, 115.

Pern Kandola (2014) Workshop on gender bias at MNF. 8 September 2014.

Sheltzer, J.M. & Smith J.C. (2014) Elite male faculty in the life sciences employ fewer women. PNAS, 111.

Steinpreis, R.E., Anders, K.A. & Ritzke, D. (1999). The impact of gender on the review of the curricula vitae of job applicants and tenure candidates: A national empirical study. Sex Roles, 41(7/8), 509-529

Stöcklin, S. (2016) Subtile Diskriminierungen verhindern. UZH J, 6.

Trix & Psenka (2003) “Exploring the Color of Glass: Letters of Recommendation for Female and Male Medical Faculty”. Discourse Society. Vol 3.2, pg. 191-220.

Van den Brink, M. & Benschop Y. (2011) Gender practices in the construction of academic excellence: Sheep with five legs. Organization, 19.

Van den Besselaar, P. & Sandström, U. (2016). Gender differences in research performance and its impact on careers, Scientometrics, 106, 143-162

Van der Lee, R. & Ellemers N. (2015) Gender contributes to personal research funding success in The Netherlands. PNAS, 112

Wennerås, C., & Wold, A. (1997). Nepotism and sexism in peer-review. Nature, 387, 341–343.

West, JD et al (2013) The Role of Gender in Scholarly Authorship. PLoS ONE, 8